Renunció el dictador Robert Mugabe, Zimbabue celebra (Fotos)

Nov 21, 2017 11:59 am
Publicado en: Destacados, Internacionales
Zimbabuenses celebran después de que el presidente Robert Mugabe anunció su renuncia en Harare, Zimbabwe el 21 de noviembre de 2017. REUTERS / Mike Hutchings
Zimbabuenses celebran después de que el presidente Robert Mugabe anunció su renuncia en Harare, Zimbabwe el 21 de noviembre de 2017. REUTERS / Mike Hutchings

 

Robert Mugabe, de 93 años, renunció como presidente de Zimbabue este martes, indicó el presidente del Parlamento Jacob Mudenda en una sesión extraordinaria, poniendo fin a 37 años al frente del país.

“Yo, Robert Mugabe entrego formalmente mi dimisión como presidente de la República de Zimbabue con efecto inmediato”, declaró Mudenda leyendo, bajo los aplausos, la carta de renuncia del jefe de Estado.

La noticia fue anunciada en una sesión extraordinaria del parlamento convocado para debatir una moción de destitución de Mugabe, que controló todos los aspectos de la vida pública en Zimbabue desde su independencia en 1980.

El anuncio fue festejado en las calles de la capital con un concierto de bocinazos y gritos de alegría.

La renuncia pone fin a una semana de incertidumbre sin precedentes que comenzó cuando los militares tomaron el control tras la destitución por Mugabe del vicepresidente Emmerson Mnangagwa y sus esfuerzos para colocar a su esposa Grace al frente del país.

La dimisión de Mugabe ofrece a Zimbabue “la oportunidad de forjar un nuevo camino libre de opresión”, dijo Theresa May, primera ministra del Reino Unido, la antigua potencia colonial del país africano.

“Como el amigo más antiguo de Zimbabue, haremos lo que podamos para apoyar” la transición del país, añadió en un comunicado.

– Llamados a dimitir –

Emmerson Mnangagwa había salido de su silencio el martes para exigir la dimisión de Mugabe.

“Invito al presidente Mugabe a tener en cuenta los llamados lanzados por el pueblo para su dimisión de forma que el país pueda avanzar”, afirmó en un comunicado Mnangagwa, conocido como el “cocodrilo” y favorito para encabezar la transición política.

Mnangagwa, de 75 años, fue destituido el 6 de noviembre, por instigación de la primera dama, Grace Mugabe, con la que competía para suceder al presidente, de 93 años.

La expulsión de este fiel del régimen, héroe de la lucha de la “liberación” de Zimbabue, provocó la intervención de las Fuerzas Armadas, que controlan el país desde el 15 de noviembre.

Desde el inicio de la crisis, las voces se multiplicaban para exigir la salida del decano de los jefes de Estado activos en el mundo: el ejército, la calle y su propio partido, el Zanu-PF.

El martes al mediodía, por iniciativa del Zanu-PF, el Parlamento había iniciado la sesión dedicada a examinar la demanda de destitución de Mugabe.

“Esta moción no tiene precedentes en la historia de Zimbabue”, había destacado Jacob Mudenda ante los miembros de las dos cámaras del Parlamento.

El Zanu-PF obtuvo así, por la vía legal, lo que ni los manifestantes ni el ejército habían conseguido hasta ahora.

– ‘El camino de salida’ –

En su resolución, el Zanu-PF acusó al presidente de “haber autorizado a su esposa a usurpar sus poderes” y de “no tener ya capacidad física para asegurar su papel”, había precisado un diputado, Paul Mangwana.

Reunida de urgencia, la dirección de Zanu-PF ya había despojado a Mugabe de su mandato de presidente de la formación y le había dado un ultimátum hasta el lunes al mediodía para dejar la presidencia del país, antes de lanzar el proceso de destitución.

El ya expresidente había ignorado esos llamados e incluso afirmó el domingo por la noche, en un discurso televisado, que presidiría el congreso del partido en diciembre.

Los veteranos de la guerra de la independencia, uno de los pilares del régimen, hicieron de nuevo el martes un llamado al mandatario para que “se despierte” y dimita.

“Si no se va, pediremos al pueblo zimbabuense que salga para mostrarle el camino de salida”, declaró su influyente jefe, Chris Mutsvangwa.

El sábado pasado, decenas de miles de personas salieron a la calle en Harare y en la segunda ciudad del país, Bulawayo (suroeste), al grito de “Bye bye Robert” o “Adiós abuelo”.

El pueblo “ha demostrado claramente sin violencia su insaciable apetito” de cambio, estimó el martes Emmerson Mnangagwa, que se encuentra fuera de Zimbabue desde su destitución.

AFP

 

Zimbabuenses celebran después de que el presidente Robert Mugabe anunció su renuncia en Harare, Zimbabwe el 21 de noviembre de 2017. REUTERS / Mike Hutchings
Zimbabuenses celebran después de que el presidente Robert Mugabe anunció su renuncia en Harare, Zimbabwe el 21 de noviembre de 2017. REUTERS / Mike Hutchings
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Marius Bosch
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Marius Bosch
Soldiers sit atop a vehicle as Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Marius Bosch
Soldiers sit atop a vehicle as Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Marius Bosch
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe November 21, 2017. REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo
Zimbabwean Senators and Members of Parliament react after the resignation of Zimbabwe's president Robert Mugabe on November 21, 2017, during a general session of parliament and senate at the Rainbow Tower Conference Center in Harare. Robert Mugabe resigned as president of Zimbabwe on November 21, 2017, ending a 37-year rule defined by brutality and economic collapse. / AFP PHOTO / Marco Longari
Los miembros del parlamento de Zimbabue reaccionan tras anuncio de la renuncia de Mugabe. / AFP PHOTO / Marco Longari
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach Zimbabwe President on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare. Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Aaron UFUMELI
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach Zimbabwe President on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare.
Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis.
/ AFP PHOTO / POOL / Aaron UFUMELI
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament sit in the house of assembly during a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach President Robert Mugabe November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare, Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's parliament prepared to start impeachment proceedings against President Robert Mugabe Tuesday, as ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa, who could be the country's next leader, told him to step down. Further street protests have been called in Harare, raising fears that the political turmoil could spill into violence. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament sit in the house of assembly during a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach President Robert Mugabe November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe’s parliament prepared to start impeachment proceedings against President Robert Mugabe Tuesday, as ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa, who could be the country’s next leader, told him to step down. Further street protests have been called in Harare, raising fears that the political turmoil could spill into violence. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach President Robert Mugabe on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare, Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's parliament prepared to start impeachment proceedings against President Robert Mugabe Tuesday, as ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa, who could be the country's next leader, told him to step down. Further street protests have been called in Harare, raising fears that the political turmoil could spill into violence. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA
Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach President Robert Mugabe on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe’s parliament prepared to start impeachment proceedings against President Robert Mugabe Tuesday, as ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa, who could be the country’s next leader, told him to step down. Further street protests have been called in Harare, raising fears that the political turmoil could spill into violence. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA
Zimbabwean Senators and Members of Parliament gather on November 21, 2017, for a general session of parliament and senate at the Rainbow Tower Conference Center in Harare, to discuss the impeachment of Zimbabwe President. Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / Marco Longari
Zimbabwean Senators and Members of Parliament gather on November 21, 2017, for a general session of parliament and senate at the Rainbow Tower Conference Center in Harare, to discuss the impeachment of Zimbabwe President.
Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis.
/ AFP PHOTO / Marco Longari
Speaker of the National Assembly Jacob Mudenda (C with black robe) enters the chamber as Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach Zimbabwe President on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare. Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / AARON UFUMELI
Speaker of the National Assembly Jacob Mudenda (C with black robe) enters the chamber as Zimbabwean Members of Parliament assemble for a parliamentary session where a motion is moved to impeach Zimbabwe President on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare.
Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis.
/ AFP PHOTO / POOL / AARON UFUMELI
Member of Parliament Patrick Chinamasa (L) moves forward a motion to impeach Zimbabwe President during a parliamentary session on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare. Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / AARON UFUMELI
Member of Parliament Patrick Chinamasa (L) moves forward a motion to impeach Zimbabwe President during a parliamentary session on November 21, 2017 at the Zimbabwean Parliament in Harare.
Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis.
/ AFP PHOTO / POOL / AARON UFUMELI
Anti-Zimbabwe President hold placards during a gathering at Unity square, on November 21, 2017 in the capital Harare, praying and asking for Mugabe's impeachment, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / Tony KARUMBA
Anti-Zimbabwe President hold placards during a gathering at Unity square, on November 21, 2017 in the capital Harare, praying and asking for Mugabe’s impeachment, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down.
As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / Tony KARUMBA
An anti-Zimbabwe President holds a placard during a gathering at Unity square, on November 21, 2017 in the capital Harare, praying and asking for Mugabe's impeachment, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / TONY KARUMBA
An anti-Zimbabwe President holds a placard during a gathering at Unity square, on November 21, 2017 in the capital Harare, praying and asking for Mugabe’s impeachment, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down.
As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / TONY KARUMBA
A man accused of supporting Zimbabwe President is thrown into the back of a pick up truck on November 21, 2017 outside parliament, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country's next leader, tells him to step down. As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa's regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / TONY KARUMBA
A man accused of supporting Zimbabwe President is thrown into the back of a pick up truck on November 21, 2017 outside parliament, as Parliament prepares to start impeachment proceedings against the President, while ousted vice president who could be the country’s next leader, tells him to step down.
As the 93-year-old autocrat faced intensifying pressure to quit, southern Africa’s regional bloc announced it was dispatching the presidents of Angola and South Africa to Harare to discuss the crisis. / AFP PHOTO / TONY KARUMBA



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